Indepent Working Module, Podcast: Escape from D.P.R.K

Hyeon-seo Lee – ”My escape from North Korea”

Hyeon-seo Lee, a woman in her 20s, former North Korean refugee starts her story by telling about her childhood in a town near the Chinese border; official state propaganda promoted doctrine that Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (D.P.R.K) was the ideal nation. However, she was disillusioned during the Great Famine in 1995 when she found out that acquaintance family had died because of malnutrition and when people started dying on the streets. She also recalls recurring power shortages combined to her amazement when “a sea of light” shined from the other side of the Amrok River bordering China, ridiculing official government propaganda about a superior D.P.R.K.

She was sent to China to live with distant relatives, although jeopardy existed for the refugees: she was captured by the Chinese police, however after interrogations they thought she was Chinese instead of refugee and let her go. As she mentions, refugees are considered illegal migrants, thus being returned to DPRK, facing severe punishments or even execution. In 2008 she moved to Seoul, yet the life in the Republic of Korea (R.O.K) was harder than she expected. She was shocked not only by importance of English language, but also the division of Korean people; the cultures have formed differently and the South Korean dialect is full of English-based terms. This led to identity crisis for she couldn’t define her identity.

Her life got even more complicated after her family was under threat of being forcibly moved to a desolate location as punishment for receiving money she had sent back. After they had reached Laos but imprisoned for illegal border crossing, she was astonished when a total stranger to whom she had talked to about her situation went to cashpoint and gave her enough money to bribe her family out. She asked this stranger the motivation for his help, to which he responded: “I’m not helping you. I’m helping North Korean people”, restoring her faith on mankind; the symbolism of the moment that can be summed up with the stranger symbolising new hope for her and her family, thus for the North Korean people in generally. She is today so inspired after all the help she received, that she wants help North Korean people by working for United Nations or so Non-Government Organisation; the refugees can be considered humanitarian link between D.P.R.K and outside world.

The speech of Hyeon-seo Lee in TED.com considering her story is quite similar to the other refugees; famine, police harassment in China and insecure feeling even in south are familiar elements from other refugee biographies and stories, the stories that never stop shocking no matter how many of them one reads. Her speech was posted on TED-website March 20131, and in May the website also posted an article2 about reunion of Lee and her then-unknown benefactor, Australian Dick Stolp, four years after the miraculous event.  Stolp, who was in Laos as backpacker tourist, reflects his feeling s by saying he is sincerely delighted that he could make the difference: a person he helped has since helped other people and is motivated to do it in the future. This closure to the TED-broadcast of the most dramatic kind serves as a motivator when dealing with an issue of refugees and improving their conditions, as well as reminding that there is always some hope.

 

Sources:

  1. “Hyeon-seo Lee: My escape from North Korea” http://www.ted.com/talks/hyeonseo_lee_my_escape_from_north_korea.html
  2. “North Korean defector Hyeonseo Lee reunited with the man who saved her family” http://blog.ted.com/2013/05/20/north-korean-defector-hyeonseo-lee-reunited-with-the-man-who-saved-her-family/
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Independent Work Module, Article: Relations between R.O.K and Finland

History of relations and trade between Finland and Republic of Korea

A guidebook for trade “Korea – Subcontinent of Opportunities”, published in1990 by University of Helsinki has numerous of articles by different persons, including Tero Kuulusa, product manager of company KWH-Pipe. Although targeted mainly for businessmen, the book also serves as an overlook of then-short history of relations between Finland and the R.O.K. The history between the two countries was quite new, as well as the democratization in the R.O.K, creating totally new kind of situation for Finnish

The book acknowledges the short history of relations; article, written by professor of the University of Helsinki Song Moo Kho, reminds that even though the R.O.K established its embassy in Helsinki in 1973, Finland established its own to Seoul thirteen years later whilst Finnish ambassador in Tokyo had only a secondary accreditation. Song also highlights the disinformation; Finnish media received majority of its information about the R.O.K from Lennart Utterström, Finnish correspondent situated in Tokyo whilst relations between Japan and both Koreas were significantly hostile. Song also notices the relevance of the diplomatic war between North and South to the Finnish context; both were enthusiastic about creating new friendly diplomatic as well as commercial relationships, leading to situation in which North e.g. ordered sophisticated paper manufacturing facilities, although Finnish partners were soon to realize the incompetence of North, making odds better for South. Commercial secretary of Tokyo embassy in Seoul, Heikki Latvanen was assigned in 1977 to improve the task, and by late 1970s several Finnish companies outsourced their subcontracting to companies in the R.O.K. Not only Song, but also other writers recognize the urge for vital contacts, both normal and business life, and Song highlights the importance advocate for Finnish companies if they are to success in the future in R.O.K as well as need for more unbiased information in Finnish media.

Kuulusa organized a symposium with Finnish Foreign Trade Union in Seoul in 1984 for marketing the district heating system for R.O.K, which was in urge of replacing its obsolete system. He noticed that Koreans had hospitality towards foreigners, but also mentions the significance of good relations and “cutting bureaucratic corners” would be necessary if administrational paperwork could delay progress. Seppo Kallio, CEO of Karhu Titan, mentions the basic nature of Koreans to be “inflexible”, indicating the culture of “losing one’s face” if admitting an error. Kallios knowledge about relatively short history of labor unions in the R.O.K indicates need to explain to the reader about system quite different compared to Finland, but also to remind the reader about different working conditions prone to strike to explain about conditions different than used to.

Even though book is quite dated by now (e.g. Soviet Union does no longer exist, the R.O.K is now a global player and relations between Finland and the R.O.K have gone forward), it is not only an evidence about relatively new field of cooperation between two nations, and some things prevail; inflexibility whilst negotiating as well as importance of good relations are well known fact.

Rambling and ranting, volume 3.

Dear reader,

 

Fourth lesson was again all right. This time we were dismantled and formed into new groups for some (pseudo)scientific conversation, but first we had a glance about differences between English and American English. We were given sheets with both American and English terms and instructed to match them. To my sincere shock, I realised how deeply I had been influenced by American English and been using terms and words from both of them together which would, as the lecturer pointed out, make the scientific text written in such manner seem quite inconsistent. I have to focus on the pure English for now. When thinking of it, for my shock I could also remember a news article from BBC website with same inconsistencies, making the matter even more confusing; the very bastion of pure English grammar is compromised. Luckily, we were given some thumb rules and an address to a “.Pdf”-file concentrating to the differences between the vocabularies.

We were later instructed to reflect our group discussions based on the articles we had with us, related to our interests and / or research subjects. Since our class consists of several different sciences of the Faculty of Arts, you may probably believe our conversation was quite diverged. We were randomly formed into new groups before the task, and even though I find myself very fond of my normal group, the new one I was introduced to was not a bad composition either. I felt quite bad for the other members of my newly-formed group, for my article concentrated on the history of democratisation of the Republic of Korea (R.O.K, also known as South Korea). The idea behind it was to form three questions before the conversation to which the other members were supposed to answer; I found it a bit difficult to make adequately unspecific questions of the said subject. It came very clear to me that normal people do not know quite a lot about R.O.K, not to mention the very gruesome and bloody democratisation either. However, during those eight minutes we had I felt good because we could actually end up with reasonably good conversation. The second topic was about idioms in languages and how do we define them of which I have to say, jolly well thought and interesting questions (they did launch quite interesting conversation even for us, the rest of the group who were totally laymen considering the linguistic issues, unlike me for I only managed to confuse my teammates at the very start due to the unfamiliar subject to 95 per cent of this planets population). Third conversation which was about whether we need philosophy or not, also sparked a fruity debate; we ended up with a conclusion that natural sciences and mathematics cannot explain everything, thus there is a need for philosophy. Fourth and the final topic was about whether a graffiti artist could be a superhero was also interesting; I remember pointing out that graffiti is not only a form of art or urban culture, but with strong and visible statements an individual could fight against tyranny (well, quite summed up I said something like that, I came up to the conclusion via some tenuous link and due to the lack of coherence of my ramblings explaining how did I end up to the said summary would serve no purpose at all).

I found myself a bit critical about this conversation, however; it could have made things quite a lot easier if we were given a brief moment of explaining about our articles before digging into the questions. I would have chosen a different article for the mere sake of sanity of my teammates. And to make things even more ridiculous, we were instructed to print out another article for the next lesson concentrating to the same subject we had started a conversations about. Well, I have chosen another one and this time friendlier one.

Independent Work Module, Movie: Gwoemul (a.k.a The Host, 2006)

”The Host” – a film dealing with recent history of Republic of Korea

A film directed by Korean Bong Joon-ho in 2006 appears to be a mediocre horror-comedy. However, by taking closer look on metaphors and euphemisms of the film by remembering the history of the R.O.K and its sore points, the audience may find the film to be relevant reminder about the dark events and bitter, unhandled feelings of South Koreans. The plot summary is quite simple: six years after an arrogant and racially ignorant doctor of U.S. Army has dumped formaldehyde down the sewer, a deformed monster appears in May 18th (a direct reference to Gwangju Massacre in May 1980) killing people on the banks of the Han River and captures Park Hyun-seo, daughter of the protagonist Park Gang-du. After the military seals the riverbank, Gang-du with his father, sister and brother no matter how dysfunctional their relations appear to be, have to unite the family and forget about their hostilities in effort to rescue Hyun-seo.

The formaldehyde dumping was real event in early 2000, later apologized by the U.S. Army1 which inspired Bong. The movie itself is critical towards the U.S. military, after all the dictators who ruled the R.O.K between 1952 and 1987 had a full support of U.S. Government, no matter how atrocious2. Later during the film, the U.S. Army prepares to use substance named Agent Yellow, a direct reference to notorious Agent Orange, indicating the Army does not care about the local environment nor the protests of the local people in their effort to reach the desired goal at all costs. However, an American soldier off-duty tries to assists Gang-du to save Hyun-seo and later dies to his injuries and is being portrayed as an ideal martyr, indicating the (South) Korean people do not feel antagonism towards the ordinary American people, instead respect their friendly attitudes, but dislike how the Army has used the subcontinent as a playground and people as pawn since 1945. The outrageous and inconsiderate actions of the military doctor whilst his humble and friendly South Korean assistant (who first tires to protest but in Confusian fashion succumbs to the will of the higher-ranking American) are themselves a perfect allegory of actions of the U.S. Army; this could also be interpreted as equivalent of Douglas MacArthur’s plans of using Atomic Bomb during the Korean War3 (that is, an euphemism of radical actions no matter what consequences, as well as with Agent Yellow).

The main characters (the Park family) are to be analyzed to understand as metaphors of the development and history of R.O.K; the surname Park itself is one of the most popular ones, quite similar choice when choosing the name Simpson to represent within one family the most common stereotypes of American people, thus creating stereotype of South Korean people. Father of Gang-du, Hee-bong is a humble man who used to be an embittered alcoholic neglecting his son; reference to Korean culture in which children are the most valued and beloved asset, and representing the agony of the older generation who felt themselves helpless to provide their offspring with adequate care; slow-witted behavior of Gang-du is explained by Hee-bong by the fact he didn’t take good enough care of his son, thus lack of protein in diet leading to harmful consequences (which Hee-bong tries to compensate by taking care of Gang-du). Gang-du himself is friendly, humble but slow-witted; he represents the generation as well as those people who had insufficient possibilities of developing themselves (before Hee-bong started neglecting his son thus leading to inadequate diet, Gang-du was a brilliant-minded boy but who was forced to steal by the circumstances); a perfect allegory of generation of wasted opportunities. Nam-il, highly educated but embittered alcoholic is representation of “Generation 386”; born in 1960s, politically active university students in 1980s and influential on their thirties which happened to be in 1990s (the generation that elected Kim Dae-jung as president of the R.O.K, a generation that also happens to be on the mercy of global economy and international competition thus leading to burn-outs and alcoholism; the rest of the family however refuse to feel pity towards bitter and cynical Nam-il, who fails in job interviews). Nam-joo, Olympic medalist archer and sister of Gang-du, is as well symbolism of competitiveness as Nam-il although more successful (even though she receives criticism for she hesitated to launch her arrow to the target one second too late to receive gold medal, allegory of seeking perfection in Korean and other Confucian cultures and the shame of failure).

The original Korean name of the movie “Gwoemul” translates as “monster”, symbolizing the situation created by U.S.A against which the family (South Koreans) must unite to defeat it. But the English name “The Host” isn’t reference to the monster which is believed to be a host on some unknown virus, but is instead a reference to the R.O.K, which is seen as a host of a parasite represented by the U.S. Army and the tragedy related to the presence of foreign forces. The movie has also references to the Japanese colonialism; Gang-du is anatomized without even local anesthesia, a direct reference of atrocities done by infamous Unit 731 in Manchuria during the 2nd World War and bitterness of Korean people when it comes to the lack of any kind of apology by Japanese about the WW2 atrocities. Outside the container in which Gang-du is being held after the surgery (who surprisingly survives and recovers after which he escapes taking a nurse as a hostage, indicating the saturation point of ordinary people and their ripeness for resistance) both American and Korean military doctors are been seen having a Barbeque (within the quarantine area), indicating the lack of serious consideration when judging actions of U.S. Army and the relations between Korean military personnel and the oppressor (Park Cheung-hee, a dictator of the R.O.K between 1961 and 1979 was a professional collaborator military officer during the Japanese occupation and normalising the relations after the war as well as strongly supported by Americans during the Cold War4).

During the climax of the film, Nam-il is been seen throwing Molotov Cocktails to the monster, representing the political activism of “Generation 386” and their willingness to fight the injustice whilst Gang-du reaches his full rage, again a symbol of people united to fight and improve the situation. Gang-du who had dyed his hair blonde, is been seen to have abandoned the color and having his natural color appearing again, indicating the acceptance of his true identity as a Korean. And even though his child dies, he adopts orphaned little boy whose brother, the only relative has died. The movie ends Gang-du and the boy having a dinner, a strong metaphore of responsibility to literally nourish the future; people of this generation can guarantee the following ones all the good things this generation lacked. The ending also indicates hopefullnes: even though Korean people have suffered during the past decades the hope prevails and the new future will rise, the boy symbolising future (in Korean culture, children are the greatest asset) which has been properly nourished and treated with sincere love. In other words, no matter difficulties but life will carry on.

Sources:

  1. http://articles.latimes.com/2000/jul/25/news/mn-58541
  2. http://iis-db.stanford.edu/pubs/22591/Development_of_Democratization_Movement_in_South_Korea-1.pdf
  3. http://hnn.us/article/9245
  4. Keith Pratt: ”Everlasting Flower”

Independent Work Module, Article: Development of Democratization Movement in South Korea

Development of Democratization Movement in South Korea

I happened to find this article whilst browsing through website of Freeman Spogli Institute, center for international studies in the Stanford University, in hopes of finding reasonable articles concentrating on South Korea. Written by professors Jung Hae Gu and Kim Ho Ki, the article concentrates analyzing the democratic movement in the Republic of Korea; its development, demonstrations, the state and socio-political circumstances behind the democratization process.

After the Korean War, agrarian country was rebuilt and urbanized whilst youth enrolled in to the universities, thus creating with demand of newspapers a new kind of intelligentsia. U.S. Military government, de facto ruler of the southern part of subcontinent between 1945 and 1948, established a strong political system to repel communism. However, the prolonged rule of Rhee Syngman, the dictator of R.O.K, caused criticism and new opposition party, Democratic Party, was established in 1955. Student-led demonstration which turned up to revolt, forced Rhee to withdraw after rigged elections in 1960.

However, General Park Chung-hee took the advantage of incompetence of Democratic Party-led government and took power with coup 1961. Students organized in 1967 demonstrations against amendment that would allow Park to continue his presidency. Militarizing the universities in the early 1970s established deep rooted unsatisfactory. 1973 rioting amongst students started again, after a murder of union worker and self-immolation of a factory worker Jeon Tae-il in 1971; social problems related to rapid industrialization and martial law in 1972 with Parks Yushin amendment to prolong his dictatorship enraged people. Park enforced the Yushin system during 1970s. The students also protested against Parks policy towards Japan which they considered humiliating to Korean people. Suicide of Jeon had secured students support to workers, and in 1979 after forcing the expulsion of Kim Young-sam, New Democratic Part President from National Assembly, massive demonstrations were broad. Situation finally escalated when leader of Korean Central Intelligence Agency murdered Park. Economic rise had guaranteed Parks legitimacy, but tightening grasp on power inevitably led to unpopularity of his regime, forcing it to resign.

General Chun Doo-hwan took power from interim government with a coup in 1980, which led to massacre of Gwangju; suppression of riots in the city enraged people, which took rapidly over police stations and army supply depots, after which armed forces crushed rebellion bloodily.  Chun regime purged rapidly officials and journalists critical towards the new regime, as well as establishing “Education Troops” to ”reform” population, resulting casualties in hundreds. In 1983, Chun regime decreased the control to polish its image for Seoul Olympics in 1988. Decrease of control resulted in activation of dissident movement again, and expelled politicians formed Council to the Promotion of Democracy. Blue-collar workers in large conglomerations had for the first time courage to go striking. Jung and Kim are making statement that massacre of Gwangju in 1980 and enragement caused by it was the key element for the new rise of democracy movement; however, they don’t justify their statement. After repressive operation following Seoul student demonstrations and death of student Park Jong-cheol 1987, Jung and Kim state that “citizens had no choice but […] street protests to bring democracy”. In1987, mass demonstrations lasting for 20 days, Chun regime had no confidence of suppressing demonstrations using military and declared amendment, which included e.g. direct election of president, a major victory to National Movement Headquarters to Win Democratic Constitution which, according to professors, eventually led to the democratic transformation.

Article written by professors Jung and Kim are analyzing quite well the situation, as well the socio-political changes (urbanization, industrialization and its problems) as well as birth of intelligentsia, thus taking look at longue durée effects of events. However, their statement about the direct effects of Gwangju massacre seems a bit too farfetched, especially without reasonable justifications; even when May 18th 1980 has generally been considered to be one most important days in history of Republic of Korea and caused outrage, the statement is revoked when considering evidence of all other events during 1980s. I’d also like to know the effects of possible North Korean infiltrations to the democratic movement; considering they bother to mention attack by North Korean Special Forces to presidential residence in January 1968 which needed significant military intelligence preparations, I’d like to read whether the northern political factor had anything to do (attempts of infiltration, funding, anything) with the movement, especially considering the opportunity of taking advantage of radicalized, disillusioned students.

Ranting and rambling, volume 2.

Dear reader,

 

Even though I was absent for the second lecture, I was able to attend to third lesson; luckily, all the slides and necessary information what to do was online so I didn’t feel like totally clueless about what we were doing. And the task we had to write after some normal working within a group and conversations was a summary about really boring article concerning learning. Ironically, this subject feels a bit important, not only boring; the article is about ‘deep learners’ and ‘surface learners’, their motivations and strategies they use. And to sum it all up in one sentence, the ‘deep’ ones employed various strategies and were able to link ideas between paragraphs whilst being motivated thus having a deep level of understanding, and the ‘surface’ ones felt anxious about the text and applied poorly any strategies thus ending up with superficial understanding about the important points of the text. I actually felt my blood pressure started soaring when the lecturer announced we had only very little time to do a summary, and after a minute of quiet panicking I managed to have a grasp on the text, and I was actually able to write some good text in my opinion. Luckily, we didn’t have to give our texts to the lecturer and were assigned to return them for the following lesson.

Oh boy, hasn’t this course been quite a pain! Well, not really, but still… we didn’t have a lesson this week (ergo: returning of the summaries during the following lecture) which means more working and writing reflections about the tasks as well as jotting down my thoughts about the websites we were introduced to. It was quite a challenge with this “Free Rice” website, because first time I tried to open the link a warning from my Anti-virus Program popped up restricting the access to the website warning about detected hazard, but the computers of University of Helsinki do not seem to mind about the site, even though we use programs by the same company; I suppose I could trust the site since professional programs of UH find nothing suspicious at all (and later I noticed my program does not consider the page a risk either, could have been a false alarm and / or a mistake). The purpose of the site is a useful vocabulary learning game: every time the player gets the right answer, the sponsors donate ten grains of rice, and appears to be operated by UN World Food Programme. However, it’s quite a jolly page to learn new random words (as we are obligated to keep with us our personal dictionaries of words we need to learn, it’s quite a good page for).  Quizlet, as the name indicates, was all about of six different kinds of modes and very versatile platform, also a good site for learning some new words. TED (abbreviation stands for “Technology, Entertainment and Design”) and concentrates spreading new ideas as well as information through flash-video-format. I especially do appreciate that every video this far I have watched is by professors who are not only speaking coherently but explaining their ideas and findings in reasonably coherent words and terms and by using transparent examples to demonstrate their ideas, thus making the videos quite enjoyable. Cambridge Free English Dictionary was familiar for me before this course, but Visual Dictionary Online was a pleasant new acquaintance; a word or concept is described not only with definition but also with a picture / pictures, useful tool if you must have a definitive answer or like to know more.

Oh yes, I could also mention a few words about myself (even if it feels a bit repulsive, but I suppose you have the right to know). I study in the Faculty of Arts of the University of Helsinki in Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Arts Studies (what a monstrous conglomeration of words!),  majoring in General History. And as I stated during my first posting, I am writing this very blog due it is compulsory.

Well, I guess this is it for now…

Ranting and rambling, volume 1.

Dear reader,

Whoever you might be, I’d first like to apologize for the following statement: I feel repulsive about these blogs and writing blogs in generally. Why is that, you might ask. Well, there is no simple answer; I just simply hate to share information about myself via social media or internet, even if written with a pseudonym; I happen to know a few examples of writings taken off their original context and been used against the writer. The information considers my thoughts etc. This is nothing personal to you, dear reader. You might also realized this far I haven’t yet joined to Facebook, and if I someday will, I am quite sure I will be using a pseudonym instead of my real name (trust me; I happen to have a few quite unpleasant acquaintances who have joined the hype like lambs. They are not unpleasant because they’d joined FB, but because their personalities and I do not wish to have link of any kind with them at all). But this is related to my English course, so it is obligatory.

How do I feel about this course I have enrolled to? Quite neutral or  a bit positive, actually; I’ve attended only the first lesson this far, although two lessons have already passed (I missed the second on due the most important initiation rite we hold for the freshmen, and me with my surpluses were somewhat vital to make the best of it, so I consider my absence reasonable). The first lesson was quite simple; divided in small groups, getting to know each other and random chatting, as well as writing a short profile about ourselves (what do we major in, why choosing the said subject etc.) and  having a conversation about ourselves. Quite relaxed lesson, even if we must had to use English only.

You might want to know the background behind the name of my blog, “F’dupland”? Whether you do or not, I will enlighten you. I happen to know a few Scottish lads and every time we meet, I have something new to complain about Finland, my fatherland. After a certain ranting about the social issues whilst we were having a few pints of craft beer, I spat out to finish my ranting: “Finland? More like a f***edup-land!” And yes, the word starting with letter “F” is a four-lettered profanity used as a euphemism of sexual intercourse. Here’s also some useful information; in Swedish language word “fin” translates in English as “good” or “fine”, thus word “Finland” would equal a “Fine land”. I know the etymology of word “Finland” isn’t related to Swedish word “fin”, but it is quite ironic occurrence, isn’t it? That’s a good joke; some nobleman thinking about this swamp-ridden (oh, believe me, there was a huge amount of swamps and marshland till the mid-19th century) territory with numerous of lakes to make traveling a living nightmare with a pack of odd people of some hostile tribe, the Finns (that’s actually where the etymology of word “Finland” comes from, as far as I happen to know). Some more useful information; in Finnish, the word “Finland” is “Suomi”, with word “suo” translating as “swamp” (and  yes, I know  the etymology; “Suomi” is derivate of proto-Baltic word “zseme”, translating as “land” or “soil”). But the coincidence is just too funny to be left unnoticed!

Granted, I do not consider this land to be a God-forsaken rat hole and yes, there are numerous of good things but how about improving those rotten things? Some people complain that we Finns aren’t the most affectionate persons and I think it’s quite true, taking a look back to the first lesson, for example; everyone remains quiet until the lecturer instructs us to chat with each other, after which a random person of the group sighs quietly and breaks the ice (in my group, that was my role). We do not open our hearts so easily; for example, it took me quite a few conversations to know that a student colleague of mine was in the same regiment as I during his conscription. This is how it happens: several conversations during various recurring situations (e.g. whilst pumping iron in the gym and happen to chat with other random customers, or in some random course etc.). We do not just randomly chat with some totally strangers in the middle of the street (exception being you have something urgent, e.g. you ask someone what time is it), but it doesn’t make us racist either; I had this quite unpleasant encountering with some American idiot who considered us all being racists just because he had stopped some woman on the street asking her name to which she refused to respond (oh, believe me, the said Yankee was a total nincompoop, but I will tell more about this fellow and the situation in some other posting). Even being quite developed country with good properties, I’d like to point out I am aware there are quite a few things to be improved; we have the questionable honor to be even more violent nation compared to Spain when it comes to domestic violence, rates of people with a minimum income have soared since 1989 (even if the nation itself, according to propaganda of our prime minister, is wealthier than ever)… I know reasons behind this unfortunate development aren’t simple ones and are being related to deindustrialization as well as structural changes within the industries and livelihood, but I’m worried of the right-wing populists taking the full advantage of the situation and the frustrated ones; e.g.  racially motivated violence has increased (dear reader, trust me, I will be ranting about racism on its global status during some other posting, for I feel I have quite a lot to say about racial discrimination, not only in Finnish context).

Well… I think this is it for now, I really need to get some protein (oh damn it, I am starving!) I had a good workout in the gym, but haven’t eaten anything since breakfast. And this rambling already fills the space of two pages. Going to fill my stomach, I will be ranting something else soon…